|By Hollis Tibbetts||
|October 12, 2014 10:00 PM EDT||
SaaS and Cloud Sprawl - What IT Doesn’t Know Can Definitely Hurt You
The advancement of technology has led to widespread Cloud data and SaaS application usage throughout enterprises - ask anyone who uses applications such as Dropbox, Salesforce, Jive, Marketo, NetSuite, Google Apps, Twitter, Workday or any of the thousands of other software titles out there. And CIOs are largely unaware of the "SaaS Sprawl" in their organizations - and unprepared for the implications of this invasion.
These Cloud applications are available for just about every role in a company - from human resources to marketing, there's an app for that. And odds are, someone in your organization is using it - most likely without IT knowing. And this has the potential to create some serious problems in areas ranging from compliance to security to backup & recovery.
As application (primarily SaaS and Cloud nowadays) usage within organizations continues to spread and accelerate, IT professionals are largely unaware of the massive scale of Cloud application utilization according to studies done by Netskope and others. However, IT continues to be held responsible for many of the implications resulting from this widespread proliferation.
Gaute Solaas, CEO of Cloud-based Business Intelligence vendor iQumulus commented, "This is entirely consistent with what I see with our customers and partners. They are interested in Big Data solutions, but what's really impacting their business the most are the hundreds and thousands of smaller, disparate and often distributed applications and data repositories spread across the typical enterprise and up into the Cloud. Organizations are struggling to cost-effectively get value out of this rapidly growing number of un-connected systems."
A recent study by Netskope validates this - they found that IT experts misjudged Cloud application usage within their companies by as much as 90%. In the Netskope report, when asked to approximate the number of Cloud and SaaS applications in use by their organization, IT professionals estimated that their company only used between 40 and 50 applications. According to Netskope, which based its conclusions on recordings of Cloud application events from "hundreds of thousands" of users across desktop and mobile platforms, actual use averages around 397 applications. And this is in addition to the hundreds to thousands of disparate and potentially distributed on-premises "legacy" apps and data sources that companies have.
Here are the top five categories mentioned in the report, and the number of Cloud apps per enterprise on average:
- Marketing - 51 Cloud applications
- Human Resources - 35 Cloud applications
- Storage - 26 Cloud applications
- Customer Relationship Management and Sales Force Administration - 23 Cloud applications
- Collaboration - 23 Cloud applications
Marketing and human resource applications include a large set of functions, while Cloud storage applications operate on a much narrower scope. Companies that have elected to standardize storage apps, like Google Drive or Dropbox, discovered many of these applications are unauthorized but used widely.
Even if the IT department does not know it, company data is being revealed through a wide range of these Cloud applications. In addition, according to the recent study, many of these applications do not meet company compliance or security standards. Of significant concern, approximately 77% of these Cloud apps are not "ready for corporate use" because of issues such as auditability, security or governance/compliance issues. This causes IT departments to have the added challenge of trying to secure more apps than they originally thought, by as much as 10x more.
Another concern (and missed opportunity) for the organization is that all these apps represent isolated and un-integrated data silos. Critical business functions such as Business Intelligence are made increasingly difficult when the organization is faced with a large and growing number of incompatible and disparate systems.
Lori Witzel, a software technology expert at Spanning - a software vendor who provides enterprise-class backup and recovery capabilities to organizations who have mission-critical applications and data in the Cloud, raises another concern - the very real possibility of data loss. Line-of-business professionals are used to IT being responsible for backup and recovery of their applications and data. In the SaaS and Cloud world, many people mistakenly believe that it is the SaaS or Cloud vendors responsibility to back up all that valuable data - this is very rarely the case.
Of course, if IT doesn't know about your Cloud application, the responsibility for being the "Cloud Data Protector" relies with you - the application owner.
With all this in mind, some CIOs may consider blocking any unsanctioned apps. Aside from the simple fact that IT is unaware of the various apps being used, it can be an up-hill battle to discover which activities within these apps are being performed, and limit such activities.
This is simply because the majority of these apps are being used because someone or a group of people within the organization felt that these apps would be useful - and some even critical in their daily work lives. For instance, Twitter plays an important part for the marketing team, as well as for researchers and analysts, who examine the shared and collected data from this application. So CIOs attempting to limit such apps are likely to face howls of protest.
Clearly, CIOs need to be aware of the parties these Cloud applications are trying to address, before limiting unsanctioned app usage. As Sanjay Beri, Netskope CEO said, "Sometimes saying no to Cloud apps is like saying no to business."
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